The goal of early childhood education should be to
activate the child’s own natural
desire to learn. – Maria Montessori
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Day School Focal Points
1. Movement: Â Random movements become coordinated and controlled: grasping, touching, turning, balancing, crawling, and walking.Â
2. Language: Â Â A progression from babble to words to phrases to sentences, with a continuously expanding vocabulary and comprehension.Â
3. Small objects: Â A fixation on small objects and tiny details.
4. Order: Â Characterized to be a desire for consistency and repetition and a passionate love for established routines. Â Children can become deeply disturbed by disorder.
5. Music: Â Spontaneous interest in and the development of pitch, rhythm, and melody.Â
6. Grace and Courtesy: Â Imitation of polite and considerate behavior leading to an internalization of these qualities into the personality.
7. Reinfinement of the Senses: Â Fascination with sensorial experiences (touch, taste, sound, weight, smell) resulting in children learning to observe and in making increasingly refined sensorial discrimination.Â
8. Writing: Â Fascination with the attempt to reproduce letters and numbers with pencil or pen and paper. Â Montessori discovered that writing precedes reading.Â
9. Reading: Â Spontaneous interest in the symbolic representations of the sounds of each letter and in the formation of words.Â
10. Spatial Relationships: Â Forming cognitive impressions about relationships in space, including the layout of familiar places. Â Children become more able to find their way around their neighborhoods, and they are increasingly able to work complex puzzles.Â
11. Mathematics: Â Formation of the concepts of quantity and operations from the uses of concrete material aids.Â